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Aid, George Charles(American, 1872-1938) Aid was born in Quincy, Illinois. He later moved to in St. Louis, where he studied at the School of Fine Art, and went to Paris in 1899. During World War I he came back to America settling in Tyron colony in the mountains of western North Carolina. During the 1920s George Aid built a new reputation as a portrait artist in an unusual medium -French chalk. Aid's portrait work was lucrative and it continued to support the family even during the Depression. In the 1930s the family spent nearly a year in Charlotte where Aid did portraits of prominent people. Aid's work is in Tryon's history museum and Lanier Library as well as in private collections. His prints are in the collections of the St. Louis Art Museum, New York Public Library, and the Library of Congress.

Amsden, William (American, 1858-1933) Born in Ohio, studied in Paris at the Academy Julian, and lived in New York where he set up a studio when he came back to America. Exhibitions: Art Institute of Chicago, Boston Art Club, Chicago 1893 Columbian Exhibition, National Academy of Design, Paris Salon, and Pennsylvania Academy.

Baker, George Herbert (American, 1878-1943) Richmond, Indiana painter. He was born in Muncie, IN and studied at the Cincinnati Art Academy. He exhibited at the Richmond Art Association, Hoosier Salon, and the Indiana State Fair. Baker was closely associated with T.C. Steele and John Elwood Bundy.

Barnes, Faye (American, 20th century) Studied and exhibited at the Art Institute of Chicago (1905-1911). She was associated with Frank Lloyd Wright, possibly executing murals or designs of some type for one of his commissions.

Barrett, Bill (American, b. 1934) Barrett regularly exhibits at the Navy Pier in Chicago. Painter and sculptor. Barrett studied at the University of Michigan. His work is in the collections of Neiman-Marcus, Hitachi, San Francisco Museum of Art, Virginia Museum of Art, and the Utsukushi-ga-Hara Museum (Tokyo).

Bartholemy, Dorothy (American, 1914-2005) Bartholemy lived in East St. Louis, and studied at the St. Louis School of Fine Art (now Washington University) with Edmund Wuerpel. In 1937, she was awarded the John T. Milliken Prize for her painting, "Slave Market, 1850". This award included a year of study in Europe. Bartholemy regularly exhibited at the St. Louis Artist Guild, St. Louis Art Museum, and the Society of Independent Artists; as well as the Carnegie Institute (Directions in American Painting) and the Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York). Bartholemy exhibited with other well known American Scene painters, Joe Jones, Joseph Vorst, and Charles Quest. Her work is highly indicative of this unique brand of American painting, revealing the influence of pioneer Midwestern artists in this movement, such as Jones, Benton, Wood, and Curry.

Beach, Sarah Berman (American, b. Russia 1897-1978) Berman was a charter member of the John Reed Club and was active in the Artist's Union and the American Artist's Congress. Her career is discussed in Andrew Hemingway, "Artists on the Left," and "NYC WPA Artists 1937/1967".

Bell, William Wils (American, 20th century) Terre Haute, Indiana painter. Bell was a member of the Hoosier Salon and the Indiana Art Club, and exhibited there in the 1940s.

Benton, Thomas Hart (American, 1889-1975) Highly important regionalist painter and printmaker. Benton worked in nearly every type of medium. His works contain definitive style and dynamic composition.

Bisttram, Emil (American, 1895-1976) Highly important member of the Transcendental Painting Group. Bisttram became aware of the theory of dynamic symmetry in painting while studying with Jay Hambridge in the late 1920's. This theory, which highly influenced Bisttram's own work as well as his later teachings, advanced the principal that an ideal composition could be obtained by recognizing the proportional relationship of the golden section and the logarithmic spiral. After working with Diego Rivera for a year in 1931, Bisttram returned to the U. S. and settled in Taos. In 1938, he and Raymond Johnson founded the Transcendental Painting Group, which included artists committed to the non-objective painting style, as well as the deepening of the spirituality of society through art. The group disbanded in the 1940s, but Bisttram remained in Taos, and continued to cultivated these ideas for the remainder of his career.

Bonsib, Louis W. (American, 1892-1979) Ft. Wayne, Indiana painter. Bonsib exhibited at the Herron Art Institute, Hoosier Salon, and the Maine Art Museum (Ogunquit). His work is in several public collections in Ft. Wayne.

Botti, Italo (American, 1923-2003) Italo Botti was born in Greenwich Village, New York in 1923. His artistic career began at age nine, upon winning a competition which led to a scholarship at the Leonardo da Vinci School of Art in Brooklyn. Botti subsequently studied at the Brooklyn Academy of Fine Art, at the Abracheff School of Fine Art and the Art Student's League of New York. Major influences on his work have been Nicolai Abracheff, Frank Vincent Dumond, Reginald Marsh and Bernard Lamott, all of whom were his instructors. After the Second World War, Botti taught at the City College of New York and expanded his repertoire executing murals, mosaics, stained glass and sculpture.

Brandner, Karl C. (American, 1898-1961). Brandner studied at the Art Institute of Chicago and the Chicago Fine Art Academy. He exhibited at the Hoosier Salon, Chicago Gallery Association, and the Palette and Chisel Club.

Brod, Fritzi (Czech/American, 1900-1952) Chicago painter, printmaker, and designer. She was a member of the Chicago Society of Artists, Chicago Art Club, Philadelphia Watercolor Club, and the Chicago Women's Salon. Brod exhibited throughout the 1930s-40s, at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art, Art Institute of Chicago, and the Los Angeles Museum of Art.

Brooks, James D. (American, 1906-1992) James Brooks was born in St. Louis, Missouri. He studied at the Dallas Art Institute from 1925 to 1926 and the Art Students League from 1927 to 1931. During the 1930s he worked with the Federal Arts Project in a style of vigorous and monumental realism. He served in North Africa as an army artist during World War II, and the end of this service also marked the end of his painting in realistic styles. During the 1940s his style matured in the direction of abstraction and he was prominent among the abstract expressionists in the 1950s. He had a retrospective exhibition circulating from the Whitney Museum of American Art. He had several exhibitions and teaching positions mainly in New York.

Brown, Francis Clark (American, 1908-1992)

Francis Clark Brown was an impressionist painter of still lifes and landscapes and a muralist. He was born in Indiana and died in Iowa. He was a member of the Brown County Art Guild and the Indiana Artists Club. Brown was a WPA (Works Progress Administration) artist and exhibited with Indiana artist associations including the Hoosier Salon and the Indiana Art Club. He was a pastor of Society of Friends (Quakers) for twenty-five years. He had a gallery where he sold his paintings in Nashville, Indiana.

Brown exhibited at the Corcoran Gallery, Washington, DC.; New Kirk Gallery, St. Ives, England 1952; the Hoosier Salon where he won prizes in 1949, 56-58, 76; the Richmond Artists Association 1957, 65, 66, 71, 82; Indiana State Fair 1934, 39; and Anderson Art Society, 1936.

Brown, Francis Focer (American, 1891-1971) Well known Indiana painter. Brown painted traditional landscape subject matter in a colorful, post-impressionist palette.

Brucker, Edmund (American, b. 1912) Important Indianapolis modern painter. Brucker studied at the Cleveland School of Art, and exhibited at the Hoosier Salon (1939-1980s), Metropolitan Museum of Art, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art, and the Carnegie Art Institute. He was primarily a figure painter, and was one of the most successful of the regionalist painters from Indianapolis. His work is in the collections of the Indianapolis Museum of Art, Herron Art School, Indianapolis Motor Speedway, Butler Institute of American Art, and Cleveland Museum of Art.

Bull, Charles Livingston (American, 1874-1932) Bull was a friend and student of Harvey Ellis. Bull was a well known illustrator and exhibited at the National Academy of Design, Art Institute of Chicago, and the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art 1899-1917.

Bundy, John Elwood (American, 1853-1933) Important landscape painter from Richmond, IN. He was awarded the Richmond Prize (1907,1909, 1926), and the Earlham Alumni of Chicago Prize (1926). He was a regular exhibitor at the Hoosier Salon and the Richmond Art Association and was the Head of Fine Art at Earlham College (1887-95).

Burkhardt, Emerson C. (American, 1905-1969) Columbus, Ohio painter. He exhibited throughout the 1920s-50s at the Art Institute of Chicago, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art, and the Columbus Gallery of Fine Art.

Calder, Alexander (American, 1898-1976) Important modern sculptor, painter, and printmaker.

Cariani, Varaldo J. (Italian/American, 1891-1969) Important Brown County, Indiana painter, mostly painted still lifes and landscapes, in an impressionistic style. He was a member of the Brown County Art Gallery Association, Hoosier Salon, and Indiana Art Club. While studying at the Art Students League, he met painter Marie Goth, and returned to Indiana with her, eventually building a studio on her property in Brown County.

Carter, William (American, b. 1909) Important African-American artist. Carter studied at the Art Institute of Chicago and the University of Illinois. He exhibited at the Chicago Art League, Illinois Federal Project, Hull House (Chicago), American Negro Expo (Chicago, 1940), Howard University, Atlanta University, and the South Side Community Art Center.

Catalan, Ramos (Chilean, b. 1890) Catalan painted Chilean farms and mountain landscapes primarily.

Chase, Harry (American, 1853-1889) Chase was a well known landscape and marine painter. He worked on the East Coast and in St Louis.

Chase, William Merritt (American, 1849-1916) Chase studied in New York in the studio of J. O. Eaton and later in Munich at the Royal Academy. In 1878 he established the Chase School in NYC and taught at the ASL and NAD. He also spent time in California. On his first trip to California in 1914 he taught summer classes in Carmel. The following year he was in San Francisco where he was a member of the Int'l Jury of Awards at the PPIE. He died in NYC on Oct. 25, 1916. Chase became one of America's most important teachers and painters and is today a giant in American art. Exh: SFAA, 1913-15; Newhouse Gallery (LA), 1927 (memorial). In: AIC; Brooklyn Museum; Cincinnati Art Museum; Oakland Museum; MM; NMAA; St Louis Museum; Cleveland Museum; Detroit Museum. Source: Edan Hughes, "Artists in California, 1786-1940"

Cherry, Kathryn (American, 1880-1931) Important St. Louis impressionist painter. Cherry studied with Richard Miller, and specialized in still lifes, landscapes, and harbor scenes. She also decorated ceramics for University City Pottery. Cherry exhibited at the North Shore Art Association, Rockport Art Association, Chicago Galleries Association, and the St. Louis Artist Guild.

Christensen, Scott L. (American, b. 1962) Christensen is an important contemporary landscape painter working in Wyoming. His work has been exhibited at the National Cowboy and Western Heritage Museum, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; the Gilcrease Museum, Tulsa, Oklahoma; the National Museum of Wildlife Art, Jackson Hole, Wyoming; Denver Art Museum, Colorado; Kimball Museum, Park City, Utah; Salmagundi Club, NY, NY; and the Autry Museum, Los Angeles, California. His many honors include "most distinguished alumni" at Chadron State in 1997 and in 2000 he earned the distinguished Prix de West award.

Coats, Randolph Lasalle (American, 1891-1957) Coats studied at the Herron School of Art and the Cincinnati Art Academy, with Forsyth, Duveneck, and Hopkins. He exhibited at the Societe Nationale des Beaux-Arts (Paris), Art Institute of Chicago, John Herron Art Institute, Chicago Gallery Association, and the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art.

Cobelle, Charles (French, 1902-1994) Cobelle is famous for his ebullient, lighter than air Paris fantasy paintings in his patented electric colors. Cobelle studied under Raoul Dufy, and took the master's look in a different direction with his brilliant coloration.

Cole, Ellis Prentice (American, b. 1862) Cole was a Chicago painter, photographer, and lecturer. He exhibited at the Art Institute of Chicago as early as 1902. Cole executed photographs of the World's Colombian Exposition of Chicago as well as portraits, but his primary subjects were Native Americans, particularly the Crow, and the National Parks of the West. His works are in the collections of Little Big Horn College (Crow Agency, Montana), The Crow Indian Historical and Cultural Collection; Crater Lake Institute (Oregon); and the National Parks Portfolio (United States Department of the Interior). Cole's approach was fairly literal, but he had a keen sense of composition, and the subject content alone is captivating.

Colin, George (American, contemporary) Colin is a contemporary folk artist from Salisbury, Illinois who has a significant following in Chicago and the Midwest. His work is in the collections of Oprah Winfrey and Michael Jordan.

Corasick, William (American, 1907-2002) Philadelphia modernist painter. Corasick studied at Temple University and at the University of Pennsylvania. He was a member of the Philadelphia Art Alliance, and exhibited at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art, National Academy of Design, and the Butler Art Institute (1930s-50s).

Covarrubias, Miguel (Mexican, 1902-1957) Covarrubias was well known as a painter, illustrator, stage designer, and writer. In the early 1920s, he moved to New York and became an illustrator for Vanity Fair and The New Yorker. His work is in the collections of the Fine Arts Museum of San Francisco, the J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles County Museum, Cleveland Museum of Art and the Chrysler Museum.

Dahlgreen, Charles W. (American, 1864-1955) Dahlgreen studied in Germany and at the Art Institute of Chicago. He exhibited at the Paris Salon, Art Institute of Chicago, Pan-Pacific Expo (1915), Chicago Gallery Association, and the Hoosier Salon. His work is in the collections of the Art Institute of Chicago, Library of Congress, Smithsonian Institute, and the Chicago Gallery Association.

Davisson, Homer Gordon (American, 1866-1957) studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art, Art Students League (NYC), and the Corcoran School of Art (Washington, D.C.). Davisson painted in the U.S. and in Europe, and his subject matter was primarily landscapes. He exhibited at the Hoosier Salon, Swope Art Gallery, Fort Wayne Art Museum, and the Indiana Art Club. He was a charter member of the Brown County Art Gallery Association in 1926 (Davisson regularly spent time in the summer of each year in Nashville, beginning in 1920). He was a teacher at the Fort Wayne Art School.

Dorsey, William (American, b. 1942) Dorsey is currently a resident of Ojai, California, and Red Mountain via Homer, Alaska. He was influenced and inspired by Alaskan painter Sydney Laurence and the early California Impressionists.

Draver, Orrin (American, 1895-1964) Richmond, Indiana painter. Draver was born in Nebraska, and moved to Indiana as a boy. He worked in his father's milling machine business until 1932, when his father died. He sold the company and devoted himself entirely to painting. His dealer in Chicago was J.W. Young, and he also showed at Aronoff's Galleries and Closson's in Cincinnati.

Dufstrom, Eric (American, early 20th century) Nice tonalist work; most likely a Chicago artist, influenced by Svend Svendsen and Gulbrandt Sether.

Earle, Lawrence Carmichael (American, 1845-1921) Earle worked primarily in Grand Rapids, Michigan. He studied in Germany and Italy, and was a member of the American Watercolor Society, National Academy, and the Artist Fund Society (Art Institute of Chicago). He exhibited at the National Academy of Design, Boston Art Club, Detroit Museum of Art, Art Institute of Chicago, and the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art (1880s-1910s).

Eccles, James (American, 1909-1969) Eccles worked in Chicago, and painted varied impressionist subjects.

Emerson, William C. (British/American, b. 1865) Emerson was born in England, but moved to the U.S. and settled in Connecticut. He was a member of the New York Watercolor Club and the Westchester Art Institute. He specialized in tonalist landscapes, sometimes including figures.

Eyden, William Arnold (Jr) (American, 1893-1982) Important Richmond, Indiana painter and teacher. Eyden studied with J.Bundy and T.C.Steele. He exhibited at the Richmond Art Association (1910s-40s), Hoosier Salon (1925-1981), John Herron Art Institute, and the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art. His work is in numerous public collections throughout Indiana. He had a studio in Greenwich Village for 11 years.

Ferrante, Mario de (Italian/American, 1898-1992) Studied with Antonio Mancini in Italy before coming to the United States in 1922. He was one of the original signers of the Italian Manifesto, ringing in Futurism. When he first came to the US, he executed murals and frescoes, as well as being one of the first members of the Serigraphy Institute of Los Angeles. His work is in the collections of the Library of Congress, U.S. Bureau of Information (Wash. DC), Princeton, Yale, and Brigham Young Universities.

Fox, R. Atkinson (American, 1860-1935) Well known illustrator from Philadelphia. He was born in Toronto, and studied at the Ontario Society of Artists (Toronto). He exhibited at the Philadelphia Art Club in 1898. His works, like that of Maxfield Parrish, combined sentimentality, naturalism, and fantasy, which made them in high demand with publishers, who reproduced them in massive volumes. This is a very desirable subject for the artist.

Fredericks, Ernest (American, 1877-1958) Chicago area artist. Landscape and marine painter. Exhibited at the Art Institute of Chicago 1924-26.

Freeman, Mark (American, 1908-1975) After studying at Columbia's School of Architecture (M. Arch. '32), the National Academy of Design and the Sorbonne in Paris, Freeman acquired wide recognition as an artist during a professional career spanning six decades. In numerous drawings he recorded his fascination with the changes in the urban environment, repeatedly visiting demolition and construction sites. Also an innovator in the early use of airbrush rendering in color, his futuristic depictions of the New York World's Fair of 1939 with its theme of "the World of Tomorrow" are among the works on view at Columbia. Freeman has exhibited widely in the United States and abroad. His works are in the collections of more than 20 major museums, including the Museum of Modern Art, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Whitney Museum of American Art, the Philadelphia Museum of Art, the Corcoran Gallery in Washington and the British Museum in London. He was elected a member of the National Academy of Design in 1992. He also served as president of the American Society of Contemporary Artists from 1975 to 1977.

Fries, Charles Arthur (American, 1854-1940) Fries first came to California in 1896, and eventually settled in San Diego. He was a member of the San Diego Artist Guild, Laguna Beach Art Association, and the California Art Club. He exhibited California landscapes throughout the 1910s-30s.

Fry, Rowena C. (American, 1895-1989) Fry was a well known Chicago modernist printmaker. She exhibited from the 1920s-40s at the Art Institute of Chicago.

Gary, Cecil Fern (American, b. 1894) Born in Dallas. At age ten Gary won first prize in a school drawing contest at the Texas State Fair and at sixteen won a national design contest. After studying at various art schools in the nation, she moved to southern California. She was curator of the Laguna Beach Art Gallery during the 1930s and 1940s. Exhibited: Santa Cruz Art League, 1934; Oakland Art Gallery, 1937; GGIE, 1939; Laguna Beach AA, 1941.

Gasslander, Karl (American, 1905-1997) Gasslander studied at Northwestern University and at Columbia University. He exhibited at the Texas State Fair (Dallas, 1929), Art Institute of Chicago (1931-37); and the Evanston Women's Club (1939).

Gerome, Francois (French, b. 1895) Gerome was well known for his scenes of Paris, executed in the manner of Cortes and Blanchard.

Gleyre, Jesse M. (American, 20th century) St. Louis painter.

Graf, Genevieve Goth (American, 1890-1961) Sister of Marie Goth and wife of Carl Graf. Genevieve grew up Indiana and started painting with her sister in Brown County. She exhibited but also devoted a lot her time caring for her family and teaching in addition to painting.

Green, Frank Russell (American, 1856-1940) Green was born in Chicago and lived in and was active in New York. He studied at Acadą©mie Julian, was a member of the American Watercolor Society, National Academy of Design, New York Watercolor Society, and was a Salmagundi Club Member. Exhibitions: Art Institute of Chicago, Boston Art Club, Chicago 1893 Columbian Exhibition, Lotos Club, National Academy of Design, Paris Salon, Pennsylvania Academy, Salmagundi Club, and St. Louis Exposition-World's Fair 1904.

Greer, Aubrey Dale (American, 1904-1998) Greer worked in Texas, Oklahoma, and New York City as a painter, muralist, and commercial artist.

Griffith, Louis Oscar (American, 1875-1956) Griffith moved to Nashville, Indiana permanently in 1922. His artistic production was split between painting and printmaking, and he excelled at both. He exhibited at the Hoosier Salon, Brown County Art Gallery Association, Chicago Gallery Association, National Academy of Design, Library of Congress, Chicago Society of Etchers, San Antonio Art League, Pan-Pacific Expo (1913), and the Indianapolis Art Club.

Hadley, Paul (American, 20th century) Hadley worked in Cincinnati and Indianapolis.

Hagerup, Nels (Norwegian/American, 1864-1922) Hagerup worked on the California and Oregon coasts in the late 19th and early 20th century. He was prolific, and specialized in marines.

Hamada, Shoji (Japanese 1894-1978) Hamada first aspired to follow in the footsteps of his father, who had studied to become a painter but eventually dedicated himself to ceramics. In the 1920s and 1930s he co-founded the St Ives Pottery in Cornwall with British potter Bernard Leach, who introduced him to Soetsu Yanagi, founder of the Japanese folkcraft movement. In 1955 he was recognised in Japan as a Living National Treasure and is among this century's most important figures in the world of ceramics.

Hardrick, John Wesley (American, 1891-1968) Highly important African-American painter from Indianapolis. Hardrick studied at the John Herron Art Institute (Indianapolis), and exhibited at the 10th Annual Exhibition of Works by Indiana Artists in 1917, with fellow African-American painter, W. E. Scott. He shared a studio with Hale Woodruff for a time in the 1920s and exhibited with him in 1927 at the Art Institute of Chicago. He also was included in the Second Annual Exhibition of Contemporary Negro Art in San Diego (1929). He was awarded grants from the Harmon Foundation and worked as a WPA muralist in 1933-34.

Henry, Natalie (American, b. 1907) Studied and exhibited at the Art Institute of Chicago. Natalie Henry shared a studio apartment with Rowena Fry at Tree Studios in Chicago. Member of and exhibited at the Chicago Society of Artists and WPA/Federal Arts Project.

Hilliard, William Henry (American, 1836-1905) Hilliard was active in Indiana in the 1860s-70s, painting primarily landscapes. In the late 1870s, he moved to New York, and eventually settled in Washington, D.C. He painted in Paris from 1880-83, and exhibited at the Paris Salon.

Hockney, David (British, b. 1937) Born in 1937 in Bradford, England, the Los Angeles based British expatriate has always been creating captivating paintings that give his viewer a variety of glimpses - affectionate pictorials of his friends, his family, himself; glimpses of refreshing Los Angeles swimming pools and exotic far away destinations. David Hockney's work is indeed representational, but with a lively, subtle abstracted twist; he is an artist who refuses to confine himself to just one medium. As a respected painter and printmaker, a skilled draftsman, an award-winning set designer and a profoundly adept photographer, Hockney and his highly sought after works have touched virtually every aspect of the art world. He has been the subject of major retrospectives and his prints and paintings are found in the world's greatest public and private collections.

Hoff, Margo (American, b. 1912) Hoff worked in Chicago and New York. She exhibited at the Art Institute of Chicago, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art, Wildenstein Gallery (Paris), and Banfer Gallery (NY).

Hopper, Floyd (American, 1909-1984). Indianapolis painter and printmaker. Hopper studied at the Herron Art School in Indianapolis and at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art. He exhibited during the 1930s-40s at the Hoosier Salon, Art Institute of Chicago, Prairie Printmakers, and the Southern Printmakers. Hopper frequently painted in watercolor.

Hoyt, Vivian Church (American, b. 1880) Hoyt studied and taught at the Art Institute of Chicago. Living and working in Illinois most her life, she eventually moved from Oak Park to Florida where she remained active in art. Her art has been shown at the St. Louis Exposition-World's Fair 1904, Exhibitions of the Art Students League, 1904-1905; Annual Shows at the Art Institute of Chicago in 1932, 1935, 1938 and 1941; Illinois State Museum at Springfield, Illinois; Florida Federation of Arts at Orlando Country Club, Tudor Gallery of the Chicago Women's Club, Research Studios at Maitland, Florida; Grant Park Open Air Show, Chicago; Century of Progress Exposition, Chicago, 1933 and 1934; Federation of Women's Clubs, Ocala, Florida, as well as various national and local art galleries. One-man shows were held at Highland Park [Illinois] Woman's Club in 1932; Mandel's Club Bureau, Chicago, in 1938; and Kenosha [Wisconsin] Art Museum, 1940.

Hoyt, Waite (American, early 20th century). In addition to painting, Hoyt played baseball and announced for the New York Yankees (with Babe Ruth) and also announced for the Cincinnati Reds.

Kerr, Blanche Weybourn (American, 1872-1955) Oak Park, Illinois painter. She studied at the Art Institute of Chicago with Carl Krafft and Frederic Grant. She was a member of the Oak Park River Forest Art League and the All-Illinois Society of Fine Artists. She exhibited at the Rockford Artists Association and had a one-man show in Mexico City.

Koslowsky, Nota (Polish/American, b. 1906) Painter, designer, engraver, and illustrator. Lived and active in New York. Koslowsky is celebrated for his remarkable paintings of people and places in modern Israel. They have been received with acclaim by both critics and public wherever they have been shown.

Krafft, Carl R. (American, 1884-1938) Krafft studied at the Art Institute of Chicago and the Chicago Fine Arts Academy. He was a prolific painter and was active in numerous art organizations, including the Chicago Galleries Association, Cliff Dwellers, Oak Park Art League, Painters and Sculptors of Chicago, and the Society of Ozark Painters. He exhibited from the 1910s-30s, primarily landscape paintings which sometimes included figures. He exhibited at the National Academy of Design, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art, Art Institute of Chicago (1915-1925), and the Corcoran Museum (Washington D.C.). His work is included in numerous important public collections, including the University of Illinois, Richmond, Indiana Art Association, Nineteenth Century Women's Club, Los Angeles Museum, Municipal Art league (Chicago), and South Shore Country Club. Krafft maintained a studio in Oak Park, Illinois, but he also traveled to Brown County, Indiana, and the Missouri Ozarks.

Lachman, Harry B. (American, 1886-1974) Lachman worked in Paris in the 1910s, and was also active in New Orleans from 1916-1920. He exhibited at the Art Institute of Chicago, New Orleans Art Association, New Orleans Museum of Art, and the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art. He was a member of the Societe International des Artistes et Sculptors, Societe Paris Moderne, and the Chevalier of the Legion of Honor (France). His work is in the collections of the New Orleans Museum of Art, Musee du Luxembourg, Musee de Petit Palais (Paris), and the Art Institute of Chicago.

Leuus, Jesus Mariano (Mexican, b.1931) Leuus was born in El Paso, Texas. He went to Mexico in 1945 and studied at the Institute of Fine Arts in Mexico City, with A. Lazo, R. Lozano, O. Romero and A. Zalce. Inspired greatly by the ancient designs of the Aztecs and Mayans, Leuus has developed a distinctive style, based on ancient history but unmistakably modern. His subjects are usually figurative. He uses a marble dust mixed with acrylic paint to achieve texture. His recognizable style reflects a well balanced composition with minimal color, lines and figures.

Levin, Eli (American, b. 1938) Levin has exhibited at the Jamison Galleries, Fenn's Gallery, Realist Gallery, Zaplin-Lampert Gallery, and the Ernesto Mayans Gallery (all in Santa Fe, New Mexico).

London, Frank Marsdon (American, 1876-1945) London lived in New York. He studied at Pratt Institute and was taught by William Merritt Chase. London was a member of Salons of America and the Woodstock Art Association. Exhibitions: Art Institute of Chicago, Corcoran Gallery Biennial, National Academy of Design, Pennsylvania Academy, Salons of America, and Whitney Museum of American Art.

Loop, Leota Williams (American, 1893-1961) Indiana landscape and still life painter. Loop studied with Randolph Coats, William Forsyth, and Olive Rush. She exhibited at the Hoosier Salon from 1925-1959. She was a member of the Brown County Art Gallery Association, Indiana Art Club, Kokomo Art Association, and the Society of Independent Artists.

Lundmark, Leon (American,1872-1942) Chicago area artist. Lundmark was one of a number of Swedish painters who settled in Chicago. He exhibited at the Swedish Art Exhibition (Chicago, 1923), and was awarded a prize.

MacGinnis, Henry Ryan (American, 1875-1962) MacGinnis was born in Indiana and began his art studies under the eminent Hoosier artists T.C. Steele, J.O. Adams and William Forsyth. In 1900, MacGinnis left Indiana to study in Europe for about five years. Soon after MacGinnis returned to the states, William Merritt Chase, chairman of the Exhibition Committee of the 19th Annual Exhibition of the Art Club in Philadelphia, selected the MacGinnis painting New Hampshire Hills for an important exhibit. In 1924, MacGinnis moved to Trenton, New Jersey where he both taught and continued to paint mainly portraits and New England landscapes.

Marsh, J.P.H. (American, b.1886) Marsh studied at the Herron Art Institute with William Forsyth. He also was associated with the New Orleans Art Association.

Mcvicker, J. Jay (American, 1911-2004) Oklahoma painter. McVicker studied at Oklahoma State University, and eventually taught there. He painted traditional regionalism in the 1940s, and moved into abstraction later in his career. He exhibited extensively from the 1940s-70s at the Art Institute of Chicago, Whitney Museum, Dallas Museum of Fine Art, and the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art.

Meert, Joseph (American, 1905-1989) Meert studied at the Kansas City Art Institute and at the Art Students League with John Sloan, Kenneth Hayes Miller, and Thomas Hart Benton. He was a member of the American Artists Congress and exhibited at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art, Kansas City Art Institute, Corcoran Gallery, World's Fair New York 1939 (purchase prize); Whitney Museum of American Art, Library of Congress, 44th Street Gallery, New York, 1948; Artists Gallery, New York, 1949 (first solo show in New York); ą®NYC WPA Artą∆ at Parsons School of Design, 1977; Pollock-Krasner House, 1994 (solo). His work is included in the collections of WPA post office murals. Abstract expressionist and friend of Jackson Pollock and others of Thomas Bentonąās circle of ASL students. Meert painted social realist works early in his career before turning to abstraction.

Mess, Evelynne (American, 1903-2003) George Jo Mess and his wife, Evelynne, were both central figures to the modernist painting movement in Indiana.

Mess, George Jo (American, 1898-1962) Important Indianapolis modernist painter and printmaker. Mess studied at the John Herron Art Institute, Chicago School of Modern Design, and at Columbia University (he also worked with William Forsyth and Otto Stark). Mess exhibited at the Metropolitan Museum, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art, Library of Congress, Hoosier Salon, and the Herron Art Institute.

Moessel, Julius (American, 1872-1960) German-born Illinois etcher, illustrator, and painter known for floral landscape, bird, and wildlife works. Exhibited at the Art Institute of Chicago, Pennsylvania Academy, Corcoran Gallery Biennial, and included in the Chicago Union League Club Collection.

Morrell, Wayne (American, b. 1923) Born in Clementon, New Jersey, Wayne Morrell studied and later worked primarily in industrial and commercial design. He began painting in 1953 and left the design field in 1961 to devote his entire energy to the fine arts. He is a member of the Allied Artists of America, Grand Central Art Galleries, American Artists Professional League, American Veterans Society, Salmagundi Club, Hudson Valley Artists, Springfield Academic Artists, Southern Vermont Art Association, and the Rockport Art Association. Wayne Morrell and his family maintain their home and studio in Rockport, Massachusetts.

Moses, Forrest King (American, 1893-1974) Moses was a fifty-six year-old farmer when he began to paint pictures in a style very much like his mother's, that celebrated a fading rural life in the Adirondack Mountains in Eagle Bridge, New York. He did not title his paintings, but rather grouped them by season and cycles of nature, as "spring pictures," "summer pictures," snow pictures".

Neebe, Minnie Harms (American, 1873-1936) Minnie Neebe and Louis were both well known Chicago area painters.

Nees, Gerald Lee (American, b.1938). Nees was paralyzed as a young boy in Indiana, but learned how to paint holding a brush in his mouth.

Nicolai, Charles A. (American, 1856-1942) Lived and active in Indiana, Nicolai painted landscapes and scenes of Brown County. He was also a wood engraver.

Nuyttens, Josef Pierre (Dutch/American, 1885-1960 ) Nuyttens studied at the Antwerp Royal Academy, at the Art Institute of Chicago, and in Paris. He exhibited at the Art Institute of Chicago in the 1910s. His work is in the collection of the White House (Washington, DC).

Osgood, Harry Haviland (American,1875-1960) Osgood studied at the Art Institute of Chicago and in Paris, at the Academie Julian and Colarossi. He was a member of the Chicago Society of Artists, and painted in Brown County for several years.

Ostuni, Peter W. (American, 1908-1992) Although Ostuni was a painter, he may be best known for his works in glass. He studied at the Cooper Union, and exhibited paintings and stained glass throughout the 1950s-70s.

Page, Grover (American, 1892-1958) Lived and active in Kentucky. Grover studied at the Art Institute of Chicago and Chicago Academy of Fine Art. He was a member of the American Federation of Arts and Southern States Art League. He exhibited at the Southern States Art League.

Pal, Fried (Hungarian/American, 20th century) Well known impressionist painter, worked mostly in France. Fried was well known for his "pin-up" style female images, along with Paris street scenes.

Perri, Frank (American, early 20th century) Perri emigrated from Italy to Chicago around 1930. He exhibited at the Carnegie Institute of Art and the Art Institute of Chicago, and was President of the Oak Park Artists League. He traveled to Mexico in the late 1930s. He specialized in figurative works and urban scenes of Chicago.

Politi, Leo (American, 1908-1996) Los Angeles painter. Politi studied at the Milan Art Institute. He was a member of the Los Angeles Painters and Sculptors, and exhibited at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art, Society of Independent Artists, and the Art Institute of Chicago. He was also a well known illustrator.

Polley, Frederick (American, 1875-1957) Polley was part of a group of modern painters who emerged in the 1930s, including Oakley Richey, Cecil Head, George Jo Mess, and Edmund Brucker.

Pool, Kaye (American, 20th century) Pool studied with Fred Rigley, Adolph Shulz, and Leota Loop. She exhibited at the Ft. Wayne Women's Club, Owen County Artist League, Indiana State Fair, and the Hoosier Salon (1970s).

Priebe, Karl (American, 1914-1976) Priebe worked primarily in Milwaukee, and was closely associated with Aaron Bohrod and John Wilde. He studied at the Layton School of Art and the School of the Art Institute of Chicago. Priebe served on the anthropology staff at the Milwaukee Public Museum from 1938-1942 and was the director of the Kalamazoo Institute of the Arts from 1943-1944. He then returned to the Layton School of Art in 1947 to serve as an instructor. During his career, Priebe won the prestigious Prix de Rome (1941), received critical acclaim for his paintings in New York, and gained recognition as a leader of the emerging "fantasist" school.

Randall, Paul (American, 1879-1933) Indiana painter, studied with Forsyth and Wheeler. He was a member of the Indiana Art Club and the Brown County Gallery Association.

Risling, Edloe (1899 - 1985) From northern California, Edloe Risling was a watercolorist and etcher who studied in San Francisco at the California School of Fine Art. She married Jay Risling, a fellow artist at the school and then worked as a fashion artist until 1934 when she and her husband established a studio on Montgomery Street. For many years they had a successful photography business, and she had many exhibitions of her floral watercolors of still lifes, figures, and shells as well as monotypes.

Root, Robert Marshall (American, 1863-1938) Root studied at the St Louis School of Fine Art and in Paris. He was a member of the Brown County Art Association and the Indiana Art Gallery Association. He exhibited at the Paris Salon (1892) and the Art Institute of Chicago (1910s).

Sandzen, Birger (American, 1871-1954) Birger Sandzen was born in Sweden, where he studied at the College of Skara and the University of Lund. He furthered his studies in Stockholm and Paris, working with Anders Zorn, Edmond-Francois Aman-Jean, and Georges Seurat. Sandzen was intrigued by the idea of traveling to the United States. Sandzen immigrated to America in 1894, accepting a post at Bethany College (Lindsborg, Kansas). Sandzen exhibited at the Art Institute of Chicago, Kansas City Artists, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art, Taos Society of Art, and the Society of Independent Artists.

Sherrin, Daniel (British, 1870-1942) Sherrin painted in the "Garden of England" style, and was influenced by the later work of B.W. Leader. He painted landscapes and seascapes.

Shulz, Adolph R. (American, 1869-1963) Shulz studied at the Art Institute of Chicago, Art Students League (with Chase), and in Paris. He returned to Delavan in the summers to paint. Adolph began to make trips to Nashville, Indiana around 1900, and was generally considered to be the "father" of the Brown County colony. He exhibited at the Hoosier Salon from 1925-1942. He also exhibited at the Art Institute of Chicago, Milwaukee Art Institute, and the Brown County Gallery Association.

Siporin, Mitchell (American, 1910-1976) During the 1930s Depression, he was one of the WPA (Works Progress Administration) artists and received a commission along with Edward Millman to do the largest mural commissioned under the Federal Arts Project. During World War II he had one-man shows at the Downtown Gallery in New York, and was part of the group show at the Metropolitan entitled "Pintura Contemporanea Norteamericana" which also toured Mexico and South America. He received the Florsheim prize from the Art Institute of Chicago and was collected by the Whitney Museum of American Art, the Metropolitan and the Museum of Modern Art. After the war he was awarded a Guggenheim and later the Prix de Rome from the American University. He settled in Massachusetts where he founded the Department of Fine Art at Brandeis University.

Sitzman, Edward R. (American, 1874-1949) Sitzman was born in Cincinnati, and studied with Duveneck and Farny at the Cincinnati Art Academy. He worked mostly in Indiana, and exhibited at the Indianapolis Art Association and the Chicago Gallery Association. His work is in the collection of the Cincinnati Art Museum.

Skene, Harold Vincent (American, b. 1883) Skene's work is included in the Denver Public Library Western History Collection.

Speicher, Eugene (American, 1883-1962) Speicher studied in New York with Chase and Henri, and painted portraits, landscapes, and still lifes. He was part of the artist's colony in Woodstock, NY. Speicher was successful early in his career as a portrait painter, and exhibited as early as 1910 at the National Academy of Design (he continued to exhibit there throughout the 1940s). He also exhibited at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art, Brooklyn Art Association, Whitney Museum, and the Corcoran Gallery. Esquire magazine called him, "America's most important living painter" in 1936.

Spicuzza, Francesco (Italian/American, 1883-1961) Spicuzza studied at the Milwaukee Art Students league and with John Carlson in New York. He exhibited at National Academy of Design, Baltimore Art Institute; Art Institute of Chicago, Painters & Sculptors of Seven Arts Society of Milwaukee, and the Wisconsin Painters & Sculptors. He taught at the Milwaukee Art Institute.

Staten, Douglas (American, 20th century) Staten was an African American painter, sculptor, and illustrator who worked in both Indianapolis and New York City. While in New York he founded a black oriented greeting card company called Stanita, which emphasized pictures and messages proclaiming black pride and solidarity. His first run of 100,000 cards was sold out within one month.

Svendsen, Svend (Norwegian/American, b. 1864) Studied at the Ed. Ertz at Academie Delecluse, Paris, 1890s. He exhibited at the Art Institute of Chicago (1895-1920), Nashville Expo (1897), Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art (1898-1900), and the Milch Galleries, NY (1920s).

Tredupp, Charles (German/American, 1864-1936) Important early Wisconsin painter. Known for landscape and marine paintings. His work is in the Haussner Collection in Baltimore.

Trover, Joseph (American, b. 1915) Trover was a Brown County artist and was active during the 1930s-1940s. He primarily painted Brown County landscapes.

Vasarely, Victor (Hungarian, 1906-1997) Victor Vasarely's innovations in color and optical illusion have had a profound influence on contemporary art. He is in the vanguard of contemporary artists who seek new ways to bring beauty and reality closer together, and his goal is to create art that becomes an integral part of everyday life and the environment. The artist was born in Pecs, Hungary, in 1908. After receiving his baccalaureate degree in medicine, he began studying art at the Podolini-Volkmann Academy in Budapest. In 1929, he transferred to the Muhely Academy, also known as the Budapest Bauhaus. There he became familiar with contemporary research in color and optics by Johannes Itten, Josef Albers and the Constructivists Malevich and Kandinsky. After his first one-man show in Budapest in 1930, Vasarely moved to Paris, the art center of the world. He established a successful business as a graphic draftsman, developing his fine art in the evenings after work. In 1943, Vasarely began to work extensively in oils, creating both abstract and figurative canvases. His first Paris exhibition occurred the following year at Galerie Denise Reną©, which he helped to found. Vasarely became the leader of the avant-garde group of important artists affiliated with the gallery. During the 1950s, Vasarely wrote a series of manifestos on the use of optical phenomena for artistic purposes. These were a significant influence on younger artists. According to Vasarely, "In the last analysis, the picture-object in pure composition appears to me as the last link in the family 'paintings,' still possessing by its shining beauty, an end in itself. But it is already more than a painting. The forms and colors which compose it are still situated, on the plane, but the plastic event which they trigger fuses in front of and in the plane. It is thereby an end, but also a beginning, a kind of launching pad for future achievements." In 1955, Galerie Denise Reną© hosted a major group exhibition in connection with Vasarely's painting experiments with movement. This was the first important exhibition of kinetic art; in addition to art by Vasarely, it included works by Yaacov Agam, Pol Bury, Soto and Jean Tinguely, among others. Most Americans were first introduced to Vasarely by the groundbreaking exhibition, "The Responsive Eye," at New York's Museum of Modern Art in 1965. The show confirmed Vasarely's international reputation as the father of Op Art. The artist has made numerous monumental sculptures and murals, including works for the Students' Residential Center of Caracas; Facultą© des Sciences, Marseille-Saint-Jerome; University of Bonn; Padagogische Hochschule, Essen; University of the Ruhr, Bochum; Maine-Montparnasse Station, Paris; Facultą© des Lettres et Sciences Humaines, Montpellier; and Israel Museum, Jerusalem. Vasarely has received numerous important awards and honors, including the Guggenheim Prize, New York; Painting Prize, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh; Grand Prize, Eighth Biennial of Art, Sao Paulo; Medal of Honor, Aix-en-Provence; Gold Medal, Milan Triennial; Foreign Ministers' Prize, Tokyo Biennale; and Certificate of Distinction and Presidential Citation, New York University. In 1970, Vasarely was named a Knight of the Legion of Honor in France. He received an honorary Ph.D. from Cleveland State University and was an honorary professor at the School of Applied Arts, Budapest, as well as an honorary citizen of New Orleans and Villeparisis, France. The artist's works are included in almost every museum in the world which has a collection of contemporary art. Major museums in Gordes and in Aix-en-Provence, France; in Pecs, Hungary; and a wing of the Zichy Palace, Hungary are devoted exclusively to the art of Vasarely. In 1989, Victor Vasarely visited the United States for the first time in many years to participate in the gala openings of two major Vasarely retrospective exhibitions at Circle Gallery-Soho, New York and Circle Gallery, Chicago.

Volk, Douglas (American, 1856-1935) Volk specialized in figural works featuring idealized women with a dreamlike atmosphere. He was the founder of the Minneapolis School of Fine Arts, c.1886. He also taught at the Art Students League and the National Academy of Design. He exhibited from the 1870s-1920s.

Walkowitz, Abraham (American, 1878-1965) Walkowitz emigrated from Siberia to the U.S. in 1889. He studied at the National Academy of Design, and then in Paris. He exhibited regularly at Stieglitz's Photo-Secession Gallery in the 1910s; he also exhibited at the 1913 Armory Show. There was a major retrospective of his work in 1939 at the Brooklyn Museum.

Warhol, Andy (American, 1928-1987) Andy Warhol, whose name is synonymous with Pop Art, was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and grew up in McKeesport, Pennsylvania. He studied art at the Carnegie Institute of Technology from 1945 to 1949 and then went to New York City where he became an illustrator until 1960 when he began making paintings based on comic strip characters such as Popeye, Dick Tracy, and Superman. He turned from the prevailing abstract-expressionist styles and the emphasis on the artist's emotion to a hard-line realism, using many common images associated with the popular media such as a Campbell Soup can or a Coca-Cola bottle or Brillo pad. The first images were handpainted, but many were reproduced with a silk-screen process. He became the "first artist to utlize the screenprint medium to elevate both common and famous photographic images from popular culture to fine art status." (Falk Vol III, p. 3465) In May, 1999, "ARTNews" magazine named him one of the twenty-five most influential artists ever. About him, it was written: . . . "it all began with the first Campbell's soup can in 1962. . . With this simple image, the concepts of appropriation and commidification were let loose for good. Warhol's celebration of his screen sirens, hustler hunks, and cafe-society wanna-bees . . .had an equally dramatic effect." In 1964, Warhol began making sculpture, often with labels from supermarkets, and in the 1970s, he turned to portraits, some of the most famous being Jackie Kennedy, Elvis Presley, Mao Tse Tung, and Marilyn Monroe. These images reflected his fascination with the topic of death, something he carried into a series called "Death and Disaster," that included depictions of car crashes and gang warfare. Many celebrities and socialites regarded it as a notch up the ladder of recognition to be painted by Warhol. He died in New York City in 1987 from gall bladder surgery that no one expected to be complicated.

Weber, Fred W. (American, b. 1890) Philadelphia landscape and marine painter. Weber had several exhibitions in Pennsylvania.

Wheeler, Clifton (American, 1883-1953) Wheeler studied at the Herron Art Institute and the New York School of Art, with William Forsyth, Wm. M. Chase, and Robert Henri. He exhibited at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art, Richmond Art Association, Golden Gate Expo, and the Hoosier Salon (1925-1953).

Williamson, Lennis L. (Von) (American, 1924-2002) An artist for most of his life, Von Williamson was known for oil and watercolor landscapes and also worked in metals, pastels, oils and clay. In addition, he was a poet, philosopher and published author. At the time of his death, he was the sole, native-born artist currently exhibiting at the Brown County art gallery. A member of Hoosier Salon from the 1950s until the 1990s, Von Williamson had oil paintings juried into the Hoosier Salon's annual exhibit.

Wolff, Gustav Heinrich (German/American, 1886 - 1934) Painter and sculptor Gustav Wolff was born in Germany on March 28,1863. He came to America in 1866. His family settled in Saint Louis, Missouri, where he received his first formal training. By the later 1880s a landscape school was beginning to form in Saint Louis that would become the city's most distinctive artistic feature. Its members stressed poetic mood over topographical naturalism. Among them was Sylvester Annan, a Paris trained painter of tonal landscapes, and, more importantly, Paul Cornoyer. Born in Saint Louis, Cornoyer studied at the School of Fine Arts in 1881, and later was recognized as the leader of the movement. Gustav Wolff, a student of the School of Fine Arts, and especially of Cornoyer, followed his teacher as a specialist in tonal landscapes. And Wolff, who remained a major landscapist in Saint Louis, was the teacher of Arthur Mitchell, also a delineator of poetic landscapes in the early twentieth century and long time resident of that city. Awards: Silver Medal, Portland, OR, 1905; First Dolph prize, Competitive Exhibition, Saint Louis, 1906; Wednesday Club, Silver Medal, Society of Western Artists, 1907.

Young, Ellsworth (American, 1866-1952) Young studied at the Art Institute of Chicago with O.D. Grover and J.H. Vanderpoel. Young was a member of the Chicago Painters and Sculptors and the Oak Park River Forest Art League. He illustrated many magazines and worked on the art staff of the Chicago Tribune and Times (Denver, CO).

Zwara, John (American, early 20th century) Indiana landscape painter. Zwara worked in oil, but the majority of his work is in watercolor.

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